Physical Map Of Britain

The United Kingdom expands with an area of about 243,610 square kilometres. The country is very large as it occupies the archipelago of the British Isles including The Great Britain, one-sixth of the Northern island of Ireland and other small surrounding islands too. The United Kingdom lies between the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean with its south-east coast only within 35 kilometres of North East France. These two big nations are separated by the English Channel.

Based on the records in 1993, 10% of the total land area of UK was forested while the other 46% is used for pastures and another 25% is used for agriculture. The Prime Meridian is defined by the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London. When you look at the map, the United Kingdom lies in the latitudes 49° to 61° North and longitudes 9° West to 2° East. The Republic of Ireland shares a 360 km land boundary with the Northern Ireland, which is part of the countries that belong to the United Kingdom.

Physical map of Britain showing contours and city locations

Great Britain has a coastline of 17,820kms long and is connected to Continental Europe by the Channel Tunnel. With a 50 KMs and 38 KMs underwater is probably the longest underwater tunnel in the world. The United Kingdom is not all England but it covers 130,395 sq. KMs of its land area. In UK, most of the countries is composed of lowland terrain with the north-west mountainous terrain of the Tees-Exe line. This terrain includes the Cumbrian Mountains in the Lake District, the Pennines and the hills of the Peak District limestone, Dartmoor and Exmoor. Thames, Severn, and the Humber are the three main rivers and estuaries in the UK.

Scafell Pike which is 978 metres high is the highest peak in the England Mountains. It is found in the Lake District. There are nine principal rivers found in UK including Tees, Humber, Thames, Severn, Tyne, Tweed, Exe, Avon and Mersey.

Scotland, on the other hand, accounts for a third of the total land area of the United Kingdom. It covers 78,772 square kilometres including almost eight hundred smaller islands. These are predominantly found in the north and the west of the mainland which primarily includes three of the most famous islands in Scotland – Hebrides, Shetland Islands and Orkney Islands. A geological rock fracture which is The Highland Boundary Fault, distinguishes the topography of Scotland which traverses from Scotland to Arran.

The Highland region contains most of the mountainous lands of Scotland including the famous Ben Nevis. It is also considered the highest peak in Scotland with a height of 1,343 metres. The lowland areas have become the home to most of people including Glasgow. It is the largest city in Scotland. Edinburg on the other hand is the capital and the political centre of the country.

Wales only covers one tenth of the total land area of the United Kingdom covering only 20,779 kilometres. Wales is mostly mountainous while the most industrial part of the country is in South Wales. Northern Ireland has a land area of 14,160 square kilometres but is mostly hilly. Lough Neagh at 338 kilometres in terms of land area is the largest lake in the British Isles by the area. Slieve Donard is the highest peak in Northern Ireland.